What is the Truth and Reconciliation Commission?

The Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada (TRC) was created through a legal settlement between Residential Schools Survivors, the Assembly of First Nations, Inuit representatives and the parties responsible for creation and operation of the schools: the federal government and the church bodies.

The TRC’s mandate was to inform all Canadians about what happened in residential schools. The TRC documented the truth of Survivors, their families, communities and anyone personally affected by the residential school experience. This included First Nations, Inuit and Métis former residential school students, their families, communities, the churches, former school employees, government officials and other Canadians.

The TRC concluded its mandate in 2015 and transferred its records to the safekeeping of the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation (NCTR).

When the members of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (The Honourable Justice Murray Sinclair, Chair, Dr. Marie Wilson, and Chief Wilton Littlechild) finished their work, they published their findings in a number of documents:

What are the 94 Calls to Action?

The Truth and Reconciliation Commission also created a short document with 94 calls to action for every member of society. The summaries of all the 94 Calls to Action are below listed under each of the 22 headings. The full text of each call can be found here.




Language and Culture




Canadian Government and the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP)

Royal Proclamation and the Covenant of Reconciliation

Settlement agreement parties and the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP)

Equity for Aboriginal People in the Legal System

National Council for Reconciliation

Professional Development and Training for Public Servants

Church apologies and reconciliation

Education for reconciliation

Youth programs

Museums and archives

Missing Children and burial information

National Center for Truth and Reconciliation


Media and Reconciliation

Sports and Reconciliation

Business and Reconciliation

Newcomers to Canada